Microbes are little, minute organic entities that are simply noticeable to the natural eye through a magnifying instrument. These incorporate infections, microorganisms, parasites, archaea, and protozoa.
These small organic entities are available in pretty much every territory of the world. There are around a billion microorganisms present in the human body, a large portion of which are gainful to us.
These organisms have directly impacted the evolution of life on earth. They have an impact on almost every area of life. These microbes produce almost around 50% of the oxygen we breathe.
They can survive almost everywhere on the earth from hot volcanoes to the coolest regions or even in the ocean. They constitute a huge part of the biomass.
Fortunately, most of these tiny organisms are helpful for the living matter on earth.
What is Microbiology?
Microbiology is, in this way, the investigation of these organisms. The examination and exploration in the field of microbiology have been of tremendous advantage to humanity in pretty much every viewpoint.
The essential ideas of science were shaped through analyses and explorations directed by microbiologists. The antibody against smallpox, the disclosure of penicillin is both the consequences of the endeavors of microbiologists.
What are Microbes?
It deals with the classification and identification of these microbes, how they interact with their environments and how they grow and replicate. It studies their harmful and beneficial characteristics and their morphology.
This field has been further divided into several subfields such as bacteriology, immunology, phycology, parasitology, each of which studies in detail a specific microorganism.
Long before the emergence of this field, people in the past used these microbes to treat and prevent diseases. Those people assumed that diseases and infections were caused by things that they could not see.
They also used them for the fermentation and production of food. Only after the microscope was invented, scientists were able to prove the existence of tiny organisms. Recent advancements in this field have made food production and the use of microbes in healthcare way more advanced and impactful.